Social Movements : Energy is a wide term and it is the basic source of living. The decision and practice of using energy efficiency and reducing energy waste referred to as energy conservation. The current state of climate change is mostly the result of global energy scarcity resources. Finding alternatives, such as sustainable energy conservation, has therefore become essential. Every year on December 14th in India, National Energy Conservation Day. Is observed to increase public awareness of the value of effective energy conservation. It is not less than social movements and it’s become very important to talk about non renewable energy. The main objective is to create a sustainable energy source.
Energy efficiency comes in second place behind energy production in the energy social scale. Aimed at achieving a stage of sustainable energy. Adopting sustainable or renewable energy sources is important for improving overall energy efficiency. Overall, a comprehensive strategy is needed to achieve the objective of renewable power for a better environment.
Because energy conservation and renewable energy must work together to minimize the negative environmental effects of energy consumption and production. It is one of the mass social movements. A similar strategy is also used in several European countries. In today’s Article Mission Heal a social movements NGO will discuss all about Energy Conservation. Importance, 90s scenario and current scenario.
Social Movements: What is Energy Conservation?
Energy conservation methods include reducing energy consumption by eliminating waste and promoting efficiency. We know that due to the vast gap between demand and supply, a lot of efforts are being made to bridge the gap in terms of the generation of more electricity. It requires a lot of capital investment and creates a lot of environmental concerns.
Energy conservation is the key element of energy management. We can reduce energy consumption by implementing various energy conservation methods, such as efficient technology use and avoiding energy waste.
History of National Energy Conservation Day
India’s Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), a constitutional agency that directs the government in developing energy-saving initiatives, put the Energy Conservation Act into effect in 2001.
The celebration on tNational Energy Conservation Day started from 1991. From December 8 to December 14, 2022, the Ministry of Power will observe Energy Conservation Week as part of AzadiKaAmritMahotsav. Power CPSUs have participated in a number of celebration-related activities. The designation of National Energy Conservation Day came after that. The day has now become extensively observed throughout the nation.
Objective of National Energy Conservation Day
The objective of National Energy Conservation Day social movements in India is to raise awareness of the value of energy conservation among the general public. Additionally, the public is brought up to date on any new strategies. The public can do their part to conserve resources by learning how to minimize energy waste. In fact, the day’s main objective is to promote efficient energy use and reduce energy consumption.
Mission Heal an NGO for environment sees National Energy Conservation Day as one of the mass social movements to bring transformation in India’s energy production Capacity.
1970s Era of Energy Crisis in India
The problems with imports were worst by the need for petroleum in the transportation sector and for households, as well as by the low domestic oil production. In 1973, there was a turning point when, during the war between Israel and Arab countries, OPEC decided to stop the petrol trade. The situation for a developing country like India became difficult as the price of oil and petrol rose. In 1974–1975, the energy savings were 10%.
The government becomes more concerned about energy conservation and production, and a committee called the National Panel for Fuel Efficiency (NPC) was formed under the chairmanship of Srinivasan.
Petroleum Conservation Action, which founded in 1976 to promote energy conservation in India, later changed its name to Petroleum Conservation Research Association in 1978. In order to lay out the country’s energy policy for the ensuing 5, 10, and 15 years, the Working Group on Energy Policy established in 1977 as part of the Fifth Five-Year Plan. A report submitted on 1979 and policy highlight major points to consider.
- Reducing Oil consumption
- Increasing the utilization of energy
- Reducing Energy Consumption
- Rely more on renewable energy
1990s an Era of Transformation in Energy Conservation
Before 90s, the Indian Economy was under the government restriction on international trade . 1990s was the turning point for India. Crisis during 1990s forced the government to formulate policy on PPP model. There were many measures in the Energy Sector.
Although all the previously mentioned actions for these social movements, there was no law . Hence there was no way to enforce energy efficiency and conservation efforts. To create law on energy saving, the Ministry of Power formed.A working group in 1994 with officials from numerous ministries. It agreed to submit an energy conservation law in 1997, which would lead to the establishment of a Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).
In 1997, a committee suggested to evaluate Energy Conservation Bill.9th Year Plan accepted the need to conserve energy and to motivate to use renewable resources of energy. This also includes proper use of technology to tackle energy conservation. This era was the era of transformation, there were many new initiatives mainly focusing energy conservation. The government announce 14th December as National Energy Conservation Day and National Energy Conservation Award who contribute to Energy Conservation.
Current Scenario of Energy Conservation in India
The overall capacity of India to generate renewable India stands at 4th position. India will be the third-largest energy consumer in the world and rank 3rdin the index measuring the value of nations producing renewable energy in 2021. India in 2021 already achieved the target of 150 GW.
The nation has big dream to generate 175 GW of renewable energy by the end of 2022, which will increase to 500 GW by 2030. The largest growth strategy for renewable energy exists right now. India was the third-largest market globally and the second-largest market in Asia for new solar PV capacity . In terms of overall installations, it came in at number four (60.4 GW), passing Germany ) for the first time.
Government Initiative for Energy Conservation in India
- After India’s independence, many initiatives have been taking place in the field of energy. By 2030, India wants to produce 5 MT of renewable hydrogen.
- The power conversion manufacturing capacity in India, which anticipated to increase to 8 GW annually by 2025.serves as the benchmark for the green hydrogen aim.
- By 2030, India’s green hydrogen market might be worth $8 billion, and to increase its hydrogen production, the country will need at least 50 gigawatts (GW) of electrolysis.
- In India, 59 solar parks with a combined 40 GW of capacity approved till date.
- The three solar parks in Pavagada (2 GW), Kurnool (1 GW), and Bhadla-II (648 MW) are among the top five 7 GW-capacity solar parks. that are now operational in the nation.
- The 30 GW solar-wind hybrid projects that make up the largest renewable energy park in the world.
- Adoption of sovereign green bonds in public sector projects with an additional allocation of INR 19,500 crore
- Thermal power stations will co-fire 5-7% biomass pellets, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 38 MMT yearly.
Government Initiative for Energy Conservation in India
According to research conducted by Harvard’s John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) last year, India’s renewable energy potential may be adequate to satisfy the majority of the nation’s energy needs by 2040. Resulting in a decrease in emissions and costs.
It claimed that by 2040, renewable energy could supply 80% of India’s expected energy needs, resulting in an 85% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. Additionally, it has been predicted that the cost of power will decrease overall by $50 billion.
Mission Heal social Movements NGO takes a pledge to conserve energy in India and make people aware as we can. You can also visit our site https://missionheal.org/ and have a look for the cause we are working through.